The Akbash Dog is thought to be the Turkish equivalent of other white guardian breeds found in and around the northern Mediterranean Basin. The Akbash Dog has its unique combination of molosser and sighthound qualities. This breed was developed at least 3,000 years ago; their white color distinguishes them from predators.
Archeological evidence suggests that the earliest civilizations arose in the parts of the world currently occupied by Iran, Iarq, Syria, and Turkey 10,000 years ago and began to domesticate animals and cultivate (or domesticate) plants. In short order there would have been a need for livestock protection dogs to care for the livestock. The white breeds of livestock protection dogs include the Great Pyrenees of the Pyrenees Mountain area in France and Spain and the Maremma of the Maremma Mountains of Italy. A reasonable — but not in any way proven — hypothesis is that white (Akbash) dogs were developed in Turkey and spread.