Avignon is a commune fran�aise south of France, in Vaucluse, d�partement travers� by Rh�ne on the left bank of which it s'�tend. On the 94,787 inhabitants of the commune at January 1st, 2010, 12,000 remained intramural. Its inhabitants are called the Inhabitants of Avignon.
Surnomm�e the � cit� of the popes � because of the pr�sence of the popes of 1309 � 1423, it is currently more the big city and chief town of d�partement of Vaucluse. It is one of the rare cities fran�aises � to have conserv� its ramparts, its historical centre, compos� of the palate of the popes, the �piscopal unit, the Rock of Doms and the bridge d�Avignon. It has �t� class�e world heritage of UNESCO under the crit�res I, II and IV.
Window artistic and cultural, the renomm�e of its principal festival, known under the name of festival of Avignon, largely has d�pass� the fronti�res fran�aises.
The palate of the popes, � Avignon, is largest of Gothic constructions of the �ge Means. � the time fortress and palate, the pontifical r�sidence was during the 14th si�cle the si�ge of the chr�tient� of Occident. Six conclaves were held in the palate of Avignon which ended � l'�lection of Beno�t XII, in 1335; of Cl�ment VI, in 1342; from Innocent VI, in 1352; of Urbain V, in 1362; of Gr�goire XI, in 1370, and of Beno�t XIII, in 1394.