The Celtic Cross This distinct style of cross with a ring, dates from the early middle ages and is found in churchyards throughout Scotland. The design is derived from the older, equal armed solar cross. To the Celts, the Celtic Cross was a symbol of the four quarters, the North representing wisdom and stability, winter and death; the East knowledge, learning, youth and spring; the South vitality, passion, strength and summer; the West intuition, emotion, inner knowledge. The circle connecting the four arms of the cross symbolizes the unity and the eternal cycle of life and rebirth. The Solar Cross symbolizes masculine and active / kinetic energy and the Sun. This distinct style of cross with a ring dates from the early middle ages and is found in churchyards throughout Scotland. As Christianity spread, the Celts were perhaps the most effective at mingling the old ways with the new religion. Thus the Celtic Cross is also an excellent symbol of the radiant loving Christ energy.