Circe Offering the Cup to Ulysses by JW Waterhouse
Circe Offering the Cup to Ulysses (1891)by JW Waterhouse is a vintage Victorian Pre-Raphaelite fine art portrait painting featuring a woman sitting on a chair or a throne like royalty with her arms raised holding a chalice. In mythology, Circe is a minor goddess of magic (nymph, witch, enchantress or sorceress) living on the island of Aeaea, famous for her part in the adventures of Odysseus in Homer's Odyssey. Circe was the daughter of Helios (or Helius), the god of the sun, and Perse, an Oceanid and the sister of Aeetes, the keeper of the Golden Fleece and of Pasiphaë, the mother of the Minotaur. Other accounts make her the daughter of Hecate.
Circe transformed her enemies, or those who offended her, into animals through the use of magical potions. She was renowned for her knowledge of drugs and herbs. About the artist: John William Waterhouse (1849-1917) was an English Pre-Raphaelite painter most famous for his paintings of female characters from ancient mythology and literature.