AssetID: dv030502 / Stockbyte / Fall landscape, New Hampshire, USA
New Hampshire ( i / nj uː ˈ h æ m p ʃ ər / ) is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States of America. The state was named after the southern English county of Hampshire . It is bordered by Massachusetts to the south, Vermont to the west, Maine and the Atlantic Ocean to the east, and the Canadian province of Quebec to the north. New Hampshire is the 5th least extensive and the 9th least populous of the 50 United States . _x000D_
It became the first post-colonial sovereign nation in the Americas when it broke off from Great Britain in January 1776, and six months later was one of the original thirteen states that founded the United States of America. In June 1788, it became the ninth state to ratify the United States Constitution , bringing that document into effect. New Hampshire was the first U.S. state to have its own state constitution. _x000D_
It is known internationally for the New Hampshire primary , the first primary in the U.S. presidential election cycle. Concord is the state capital, while Manchester is the largest city in the state. It has no general sales tax , nor is personal income (other than interest and dividends) taxed at either the state or local level. _x000D_
Its license plates carry the state motto : "Live Free or Die ". The state's nickname , "The Granite State", refers to its extensive granite formations and quarries. _x000D_
Among prominent individuals from New Hampshire are founding father Nicholas Gilman , Senator Daniel Webster , Revolutionary War hero John Stark , editor Horace Greeley , founder of the Christian Science religion Mary Baker Eddy , poet Robert Frost , astronaut Alan Shepard , and author Dan Brown . New Hampshire has produced one president: Franklin Pierce . _x000D_
With some of the largest ski mountains on the East Coast , New Hampshire's major recreational attractions include skiing , snowmobiling and other winter sports, hiking and mountaineering, observing the fall foliage, summer cottages along many lakes and the seacoast, motor sports at the New Hampshire Motor Speedway , and Motorcycle Week , a popular motorcycle rally held in Weirs Beach near Laconia in June. The White Mountain National Forest links the Vermont and Maine portions of the Appalachian Trail , and boasts the Mount Washington Auto Road , where visitors may drive to the top of 6,288-foot (1,917 m) Mount Washington .
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