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  • Mug: Right
  • Mug: Center
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  • Mug: Handle
About this product
Style: Classic White Mug

Give a made-to-order mug from Zazzle to someone special, or treat yourself to a design that brings you joy or makes you laugh. Create your own photo mug, shop our collection of the funniest joke mugs, personalize your mug with a monogram, or express yourself with one of our 10 million designs.

  • Available in 11-ounce or 15-ounce
  • Dimensions:
    • 11-ounce: 3.8” h x 3.2” diameter
    • 15-ounce:4.5” high x 3.4” diameter
  • Microwave and dishwasher safe
  • Strong, ceramic construction
  • Meets or exceeds FDA requirements for food and beverage safety
  • Printed on demand in San Jose, California
About this design
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Osaka (???, Osaka-shi?) is the capital of Osaka Prefecture and the third-largest city in Japan, with a population of 2.7 million. It is located in the Kansai region of the main island of Honshu, at the mouth of the Yodo River on Osaka Bay. ******************* Osaka is the historical commercial capital of Japan and is still one of Japan's major industrial centers and ports, the heart of the Osaka-Kobe-Kyoto metropolitan area, which has a population of 18,644,000. The city's daytime (9 a.m.–5 p.m.) population is second in Japan after Tokyo.****************The area which now consists of Osaka city was originally called Naniwa (??, ??, or ??), a name which still exists as the names of districts in central Osaka as Naniwa (??) and Namba (??). Emperor Kotoku made this area his capital and named it Naniwa-no-miya (the capital of Naniwa). It has always been a vital connection, by land and sea, between Yamato (modern day Nara Prefecture), Korea, and China. Settsu, a former province of Japan, consisted of the northern part of modern Osaka prefecture and the seaside part of Hyogo Prefecture.****************Historical records seem to indicate that the Yamato people (the Japanese) first came upon the area, at the mouth of the Yodo River, in 663. They met resistance from the native people of the region and fought them for roughly five years, before enthroning their emperor at a site called Kashiwabara. Naniwa was founded by Emperor Temmu in 683, in what is now Osaka's Hoenzaka-cho District. In the seventh and eighth centuries, Naniwa served as the site of several emperors' pleasure palaces. The city also served as one of the primary ports, providing economic and cultural contact with T'ang Dynasty China. Naniwa ceased to be the capital in 745, when the Imperial Court moved to Shigaraki no Miya and then to Heijo-kyo (now Nara). It remained a lively port for some time but fell into decline by the 15th century.****************In 1496, the Jodo Shinshu Buddhist sect set up their headquarters: the heavily fortified Ishiyama Hongan-ji temple on top of the ruins of the old Naniwa imperial palace. In 1570, Oda Nobunaga started a siege of the temple that lasted for 10 years. The monks finally surrendered in 1580, the temple was razed, and Toyotomi Hideyoshi took the place for his own castle: Osaka Castle.*******************It is unclear when the name Osaka (written ??) gained prominence over Naniwa, but the oldest usage of the name dates back to 1496 in a text written about the foundation of the Ishiyama Hongan-ji. At this time, the pronunciation was Ozaka. Over time, the "z" became voiceless. In the beginning of Meiji Era, the government changed the second kanji ? to ? because the previous one could, if the radicals were read separately, be interpreted as "(will) return to soil" (????), which seemed a bit gloomy. This remains the official spelling today, though the old one is still in limited use. ************************** Osaka was for a long time Japan's most important economic center with a large percentage of the population belonging to the merchant class (see Four divisions of society). Over the course of the Edo period (1603–1867), Osaka grew into one of Japan's major cities and returned to its ancient role as a lively and important port. Its popular culture was closely related to ukiyo-e depictions of life in Edo. Developing in parallel with the urban culture of Kyoto and Edo, Osaka likewise featured bunraku and grand kabuki productions, pleasure quarters, and a lively artistic community. ******************** The modern city was designated on September 1, 1956 by government ordinance.***************Historically, Osaka was the center of Japanese commerce, especially in the middle and premodern ages. Today, many major companies have moved their main offices to Tokyo, especially from the end of 1990s, but several major companies are still based in Osaka. Recently the city has begun a program, headed by Mayor Junichi Seki to try to attract domestic and foreign in investment in the city.**************Much can be said on how the people of Osaka are perceived by people outside of Osaka, especially Tokyoites. The bulk of these attributed features are usually just exaggerated stereotypes, brought about by the portrayal of Osaka people by Tokyo television and the almost extreme dominance of Osaka comedians in the manzai sphere. While the people of Osaka might embrace some of the stereotypes, and most feel a big divide between them and the Kanto Japanese, many will also be irritated how Tokyoites make fun of Osaka based only on what the Kanto produced TV programmes tell them about the city. A clear example of this was when Tokyo-based (but Shikoku-born) comic artist Rieko Saibara, who is known for her cynical works, made a remark on a variety show warning somebody going to Osaka that the tap water there is dirty and that they shouldn't drink it. What was only a remark in passing became a big deal to the Osaka Waterworks. They invited Saibara to Osaka to perform a blind test and see if she could distinguish local tap water from Tokyo tap water and mineral water. The blind test was televised, but to the disappointment of Osaka Waterworks, Saibara did recognize the Osaka water. Nevertheless, an apology was stated and Saibara said the Osaka water wasn't bad at all.********************Osaka is also known for its food, as supported by the saying "Dress (in kimonos) 'til you drop in Kyoto, eat 'til you drop in Osaka" (?????????????). Osaka regional cuisine includes okonomiyaki (pan-fried batter cake), takoyaki (octopus dumplings), udon (a noodle dish), as well as regional sushi and other traditional Japanese foods. It is said that to succeed in the Osaka food service business, the food must taste above-average, have larger servings than normal, be inexpensive and fast. Being a big, business-based city, Osakans are thought of as always being in a rush. The typical Osakan will not wait for traffic signals to cross a street if there is no traffic. In the city of Osaka, as in the rest of the prefecture and the surrounding region, the predominant dialect is Kansai-ben.***************Kansai International Airport is the main airport: it is a rectangular artificial island that sits off-shore in Osaka Bay and services Osaka and its surrounding cities of Nara, Kobe, and Kyoto. Kansai is the geographical term for the area of western Honshu surrounding Osaka. The airport is linked by a bus and train service into the centre of the city and major suburbs. Osaka International Airport in Itami and Toyonaka still houses most of the domestic service from the metropolitan region: Its proximity to the Osaka, Kobe, and Kyoto city centers outweighs its noise restrictions. Besides the Osaka Municipal Subway system there is a network of both JR and private lines connecting the suburbs of the city, and Osaka to its neighbours. Keihan and Hankyu line connect to Kyoto, Hanshin and Hankyu line connect to Kobe, the Kintetsu line connects to Nara and Nagoya, and the Nankai line to Wakayama.
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Other Info

Product ID: 168526872328873384
Created on: 2/8/2007 1:28 PM
Reference: Guide Files
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