Paintings of Ladies(畫仕女圖), from New Visions at the Ch'ing Court, Jiao Bingzhen ( 焦秉貞). Ink and color on silk. Width 20.4 cm, Height 30.9 cm. Located in National Palace Museum, Taipei.
Jiāo Bǐngzhēn (1689–1726) was a native of Jining, Shandong who became a noted painter and astronomer, one of the first Qing dynasty painters to be influenced by the West. He was also a significant portrait and miniature painter in the early Qing, skilled in painting people, landscapes, and buildings.
The Western influence in his art came from his exposure to the Jesuits at the Directorate of Astronomy. Their influence also exposed him to new ideas on astronomy and religion. At some point Jiao became a Roman Catholic and played a role on the Jesuit side of the Chinese Rites controversy.
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