This is a beautiful artist's depiction of the Persian, a longhaired cat with a round face and shortened muzzle. Its name refers to Persia where similar cats are found. It has been recognized by cat fanciers since the late 19th century. Being developed first by the English, it is now mainly encouraged by American breeders. In Britain, it is called the Longhair or Persian Longhair.
Selective breeding carried has allowed the development of a wide variety of coat colors, but has also led to the creation of increasingly flat-faced Persians. The placid and unpretentious nature of the Persian means it settles in well with apartment living. It is probably the most popular breed in the United States for many years although its popularity has seen a decline in Britain and France.