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Chinese Taipei (Traditional Chinese: ????; Simplified Chinese: ????; pinyin: Zhonghuá Táibei) is the designated name used by the Republic of China (ROC), commonly known as Taiwan, to participate in most international organizations. Due to the insistence of the People's Republic of China (PRC) under its version of the One-China policy, ROC cannot use "Republic of China" or "Taiwan" to imply any independent sovereignty when participating in international organizations.----------------------The People's Republic of China, which claims Taiwan as part of its territory, effectively blocks the Republic of China on Taiwan from using the title "Republic of China" in international organizations. To the PRC, having the team represented as the "Republic of China" suggests either the continued existence of a state that PRC believes it has toppled or the existence of two Chinas, a contravention of the One-China Policy.
When international organisations downgraded or even expelled Taiwan in the 1970s and 1980s in favor of recognizing the PRC, the Kuomintang-controlled ROC government refused to be designated as "Taiwan, China" because the title would imply that it was subordinate to the mainland Chinese government. At the time, the Kuomintang (KMT) government also rejected the names "Taiwan" and "Formosa" because it still considered itself the sole legitimate government of all of China and refused any hint of Taiwan independence. Therefore, it chose what was considered a politically neutral title "Chinese Taipei", even though Taipei is just a metropolitan region small in proportion to the entire Taiwan area.--------------------------------In November of 1979 the International Committee and later all the international sports federations adopted a resolution which recognised the National Committee of Taiwan as the National Committee of Chinese Taipei and every sports team or athlete from Taiwan would compete as Chinese Taipei. Under this resolution, Chinese Taipei adopted the Chinese Taipei Flag as their flag, which consists of the emblem of the National Chinese Taipei Committee on a white background and since 1984 Summer participate with this name and flag in every sports event, like the , Paralympics and other international events.
The flag, however, is not recognised on some media references. In 1992, during the Winter in Albertville, France, CBS used the flag of the Republic of China with the official "TPE" code. During the 2004 Summer , the Australian Baseball Federation Web site used a waving National Flag to refer to the country. Some news and web sites prefer to use the National Flag.--------------------The name "Chinese Taipei" has spilled into apolitical arenas. Flight schedules from official airport websites such as those for Los Angeles International Airport and San Francisco International Airport list flights to and from Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport as "Taipei, Chinese Taipei." The PRC has even successfully pressured some religious organizations and organizations such as the Lions Club to have Taiwan relegated to "Chinese Taipei". When Taiwanese participants in apolitical events emphasize that they come from Taiwan rather than "Chinese Taipei", they are often accused by the PRC of having a political agenda.----------------------------In 2000, China's government pressured the Miss Universe Organization to order the renaming of Miss Taiwan 2000 to "Miss Chinese Taipei". Three years later at the Miss Universe pageant in Panama, the first official Miss China and Miss Taiwan competed alongside each other for the first time in history, prompting the Chinese government to again demand that Miss Taiwan assume the title Miss Chinese Taipei. The contestant in question, Szu-yu Chen, was famously photographed tearfully holding her two sashes. Today, neither Miss Universe nor Miss World, the two largest pageant systems in the world, allow Taiwan's entrants to compete under the Taiwan label. In 2005, the third largest pageant system, Miss Earth, initially allowed beauty contestant Li Fan Lin to compete as "Miss Taiwan", however after a week into the pageant her sash was updated to "Taiwan ROC". There was no subsequent backlash or government disapproval from the PRC over this move.------------------------In other organizations such as the World Trade Organization, the name "Separate Customs Territory of Taiwan, Penghu, Kinmen and Matsu" is used for the ROC, but "Chinese Taipei" is used unofficially since the official designation is too unwieldy. As a founding member of the Asian Development Bank, the ROC participated in the organization as "Republic of China" until PRC's membership in 1986; because of pressure from PRC, Asian Development Bank now uses the name "Taipei, China" for the ROC.
The World Organization of the Scout Movement is one of few international organizations that continue to refer to the Republic of China as "China", and the ROC affiliate as the Scouts of China. This is because such scouting organizations do not exist in mainland China. The ROC's older diplomatic allies also refer to the ROC as "China" on occasion: for example, during the funeral of Pope John Paul II, President Chen Shui-bian was seated as part of the French alphabetical seating arrangement between the first lady of Brazil and the president of Cameroon as the head of state of "Chine".------------------------When a country establishes diplomatic relationship with the PRC under the One China policy, it is often agreed that the flag carrier of the ROC (China Airlines) be not given landing rights in that country. Since flag carrier landing rights are reciprocal, several national airlines created subsidiaries in order to get landing rights from the Taiwan authorities for their flights into Taiwan. For instance, when British Airways served Taiwan, it did business as British Asia Airways. Similar creations have included KLM Asia and Japan Asia Airways (part of Japan Airlines). Lufthansa painted one of its Boeing 747-400 jets in the livery of its charter subsidiary, Condor in order to fly to Taipei.-----------------------The controversy regarding the political status of Taiwan hinges on whether Taiwan, including the Pescadores (Penghu), should remain the effective territory of the Republic of China (ROC), become unified with the territories now governed by the People's Republic of China (PRC), or become the Republic of Taiwan. The controversy over the political status of the Republic of China hinges on whether its existence as a state is legitimate and recognized.
Currently, Taiwan, Penghu, Kinmen (Quemoy), Matsu and some other minor islands effectively make up the jurisdiction of the state known as the Republic of China. The ROC ruled mainland China, and claimed sovereignty over Outer Mongolia and Tannu Uriankhai (part of which is present day Tuva) before losing the Chinese Civil War and relocation of its government to Taipei in December 1949.
Since the ROC lost its United Nations seat in 1971 (replaced by the PRC), most sovereign states have switched their diplomatic recognition to the PRC, recognising or acknowledging the PRC to be the sole legitimate representative of all China, notably the United States in 1979. As of 2006, the ROC maintains official diplomatic relations with 24 sovereign states, although de facto relations are maintained with nearly all others. Agencies such as the Taipei Economic and Cultural Representative Office and American Institute in Taiwan operate as de facto embassies with ambiguous diplomatic status.-----------------------------The ROC government has in the past considered itself to be the sole legitimate government over China, as well as its former territories. This position started to be largely ignored in the early 1990s, changing to one that does not challenge the legitimacy of PRC rule over mainland China. However, the ROC's claims have never been renounced through a constitutional amendment; both the PRC and the ROC carry out cross-strait relations through specialized agencies (such as the Mainland Affairs Council of the ROC), rather than through foreign ministries. Different groups have different concepts of what the current formal political situation of Taiwan is.