Ronald Wilson Reagan (February 6, 1911 – June 5, 2004) was the 40th President of the United States (1981–1989) and the 33rd Governor of California (1967–1975). Reagan was born and raised in Illinois and moved to California in the 1930s. Before entering politics, he was a successful Hollywood and television actor, President of the Screen Actors Guild, and a spokesman for General Electric. He supported Franklin Roosevelt's New Deal and other Democrats in the 1930s and 1940s, but by the late 1950s, Reagan had become a conservative Republican. During his work for General Electric Theatre, he began to articulate the basic moral and political themes that would carry him into the California Governorship, which he won in 1966, and the Presidency of the United States. He narrowly lost a bid for the Republican presidential nomination in 1976, before winning it and the Presidency in 1980. ----------Reagan is credited with revitalizing America's economy, and its morale, after a period of stagflation and high interest rates. Following an attempt on his life early in his presidency, Reagan implemented large tax cuts, resulting in tremendous economic growth and a significant reduction in inflation and unemployment. His supporters credit him for reviving the philosophy of classical liberalism by advocating minimal government intervention in the economy. However, increases in military spending, among other things, led to huge budget deficits, and subsequent tax reform. In foreign affairs, Reagan rejected détente and actively confronted communism and the Soviet Union. Reagan negotiated with Mikhail Gorbachev to shrink both countries' nuclear arsenals and bring a peaceful end to the Cold War.Reagan is credited with hastening the collapse of the Soviet Union, and many give him credit for helping to bring down the Berlin Wall.