The Mirror - Godward - 1899 Fine Art Oil Painting John William Godward Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood Artist John William Godward Title The Mirror Year 1899
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The Pre-Raphaelite movement began as the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood, a group of English painters, poets and critics (founded in 1848 by William Holman Hunt, John Everett Millais and Dante Gabriel Rossetti) who set out to reform the art of their day. The artists of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood favored brilliant colors, rich detail, and complex unconventional compositions, and rejected what they considered the formulaic and mechanical compositions of artists such as Raphael. They loved the rich colors of Quattrocento 15th century Italian art and Flemish art from the 15th century until the 17th century, and developed techniques to achieve a jewel-like brilliance and clarity of color. Pre-Raphaelites were highly influenced by Romantic poetry, scenes of nature, and Medieval art of which these interests were reflected in their style and their themes. Many of these paintings portray scenes from mythology and literature such as Pandora, Ulysses, Romeo and Juliet, Don Jaun, Ophelia, Flora, Joan of Ark, Psyche, the Lady of Shallot, the legends of King Arthur, Guinevere, Venus, the Grail, Dante and Beatrice, goddesses and regal ladies, angels, sirens, mermaids and nymphs. Beautiful girls and women are perhaps their most well known and admired subjects.