Anemone is a genus of about 120 species of flowering plants in the buttercup family.
The story behind the anemone flower’s name is a sad one. The name comes from Greek and roughly translates into “windflower”. It is said in Greek Mythology that the anemone flower sprang up from the blood of Aphrodite’s slain lover, Adonis. The name “windflower” signifies that the wind that blows the petal open will also, eventually, blow the dead petals away.
In Hebrew the anemone is called "Calanit Metzouya"). "Calanit" comes from the Hebrew word Cala which means "bride", "Metzouya" means "common". The Calanit earned its name because of its beauty and majesty, for whome it looks like a bride on her wedding day. The Anemone coronaria is one of the most well known and beloved flowers in Israel. During the British Mandate of Palestine British soldiers were nicknamed "Kalaniyot" for their red berets.