The Coast Guard motto is Semper Paratus ("Always Ready").
The United States Coast Guard (USCG) is a branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the seven U.S.
The Coast Guard is a maritime, military, multi-mission service unique among the U.S. military branches for
having a maritime law enforcement mission (with jurisdiction in both domestic and international waters) and a
federal regulatory agency mission as part of its mission set. It operates under the Department of Homeland
Security during peacetime, and can be transferred to the Department of the Navy by the President at any time,
or by Congress during time of war.
Founded by Alexander Hamilton as the Revenue Marine first, and later as the Revenue Cutter Service on 4
August 1790, it is the United States' oldest continuous seagoing service. Treasury Secretary Alexander
Hamilton headed the USRCS, and the branch was involved in every war from 1790 to World War I. As of August
2009 the Coast Guard had approximately 42,000 men and women on active duty, 7,500 reservists, 30,000
auxiliarists, and 7,700 full-time civilian employees.
The Coast Guard's legal authority differs from the other four armed services: it operates simultaneously
under Title 10 of the United States Code and its other organic authorities, e.g. Titles 6, 14, 19, 33, 46,
etc. Because of its legal authority, the Coast Guard can conduct military operations under the Department of
Defense or directly for the President in accordance with Title 14 USC 1–3.
The Coast Guard's enduring roles are maritime safety, security, and stewardship. To carry out those roles the
Coast Guard has eleven statutory missions as defined in 6 U.S.C. § 468, which include enforcing U.S. law in
the world's largest exclusive economic zone of 3.4 million square miles.
World War I was a military conflict centered on Europe that began in the summer of 1914. The fighting ended
in late 1918. This conflict involved all of the world's great powers,assembled in two opposing alliances: the
Allies and the Central Powers. More than 70 million military personnel, including 60 million Europeans, were
mobilized in one of the largest wars in history.More than 9 million combatants were killed, due largely to
great technological advances in firepower without corresponding ones in mobility. It was the second deadliest
conflict in history. The war is also known as the First World War, the Great War, the War To End All Wars or
the World War.
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