Vintage illustration American West poster featuring Buffalo Bill's Wild West, Congress Rough Riders of the World, Miss Annie Oakley, the Peerless Lady Wing Shot. Annie Oakley was born Phoebe Ann Mosey (1860 -1926). She was an American sharpshooter and exhibition shooter. Oakley's amazing talent and timely rise to fame led to a starring role in Buffalo Bill's Wild West show, which propelled her to become the first American female superstar. Using a .22 caliber rifle at 90 feet, Oakley reputedly could split a playing card edge-on and put five or six more holes in it before it touched the ground.