BALTIMORE, MD - MAY 30: General view Postcard
2011 NCAA Division I Men's Lacrosse Championship - Championship
Baltimore ( / ˈ b ɒ l t ɨ m ɔr / , colloquially /ˈbɔl.mɔr/ ) is the largest city in the U.S. state of Maryland . It is located in the central area of the state along the tidal portion of the Patapsco River , an arm of the Chesapeake Bay . The independent city is often referred to as Baltimore City to distinguish it from surrounding Baltimore County .
Founded in 1729, Baltimore is the largest seaport in the Mid-Atlantic United States and is situated closer to Midwestern markets than any other major seaport on the East Coast . Baltimore's Inner Harbor was once the second leading port of entry for immigrants to the United States and a major manufacturing center. After a decline in manufacturing, Baltimore shifted to a service-oriented economy.
At 620,961 residents in 2010, Baltimore's population has decreased by one-third since its peak in 1950. The Baltimore Metropolitan Area has grown steadily to approximately 2.7 million residents in 2010; the 20th largest in the country. Baltimore is also a principal city in the larger combined statistical area of approximately 8.4 million residents.
The city is named after Lord Baltimore , a member of the Irish House of Lords and the founding proprietor of the Maryland Colony . Baltimore is an anglicisation of the Irish Gaelic phrase Baile an Tí Mhóir , meaning "Town of the Big House." However, it should not to be confused with Baltimore, County Cork , which is named Dún na Séad in Ireland.
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