Bündnis 90/Die Grünen Mouse Pad
Alliance '90/The Greens (German: Bündnis 90/Die Grünen) is a green political party in Germany, formed from the merger of the German Green Party and Alliance 90 in 1993. Its leaders are Claudia Roth and Cem Özdemir. In the 2009 federal elections, the party won 10.7% of the votes and 68 out of 622 seats in the Bundestag. The party has its roots in the revolutionary extreme-left maoist movements of the 1970s.---The party used to be called The Greens since its foundation in 1980 until its unification with Alliance '90 in 1993. The West Berlin state branch of The Greens used to be called Alternative Liste, or precisely, Alternative Liste für Demokratie und Umweltschutz (AL; alternative list for democracy and environmental protection). It was founded in 1978 and became the official West Berlin branch of The Greens in 1980. In 1993 it renamed to Alliance '90/The Greens Berlin after the merger with East Berlin's Greens and Alliance '90. The Hamburg state branch of the Green Party is called Grün-Alternative Liste Hamburg (GAL; green-alternative list). It was founded in 1982 and two years later it became the official Hamburg branch of The Greens.-----In the 1970s, environmentalists and peace activists politically organised amongst thousands of action groups. The political party The Greens (German: Die Grünen) was founded to give this movement political and parliamentary representation. Opposition to pollution, use of nuclear power, NATO military action, and certain aspects of industrialised society were principal campaign issues. The Greens originated from civil initiatives, new social movements of the protests of 1968, but also from the conservative spectrum. Important figures in the first years were – among others – Joschka Fischer, Antje Vollmer, Petra Kelly, Rudi Dutschke, Undine von Blottnitz and Herbert Gruhl.