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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia This is the latest accepted revision, accepted on 6 August 2010.Jump to: navigation, search This article is about the U.S. state of Maine. For other uses, see Maine (disambiguation). State of Maine Flag Seal Nickname(s): The Pine Tree State Motto(s): "Dirigo" ("I lead") Official language(s) None (English de facto) Demonym Mainer Capital Augusta Largest city Portland Largest metro area Portland-South Portland-Biddeford Area Ranked 39th in the US - Total 35,385 sq mi (91,646 km2) - Width 210 miles (338 km) - Length 320 miles (515 km) - % water 13.5 - Latitude 42° 58′ N to 47° 28′ N - Longitude 66° 57′ W to 71° 5′ W Population Ranked 40th in the US - Total 1,318,301 (2009 est.) 1,274,923 (2000) - Density 41.3/sq mi (15.95/km2) Ranked 38th in the US Elevation - Highest point Mount Katahdin 5,268 ft (1,606 m) - Mean 591 ft (180 m) - Lowest point Atlantic Ocean 0 ft (0 m) Before statehood District of Maine Admission to Union March 15, 1820 (23rd) Governor John Baldacci (D) Lieutenant Governor None Legislature Maine Legislature - Upper house Senate - Lower house House of Representatives U.S. Senators Olympia Snowe (R) Susan Collins (R) U.S. House delegation Chellie Pingree (D) Michael Michaud (D) (list) Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4 Abbreviations ME US-ME Website http://www.maine.gov Maine (i /ˈmeɪn/) (French: l’État du Maine) is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States, bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the southeast, New Hampshire to the southwest, and the Canadian provinces of Quebec to the northwest and New Brunswick to the northeast. Maine is the northernmost portion of New England and is the country's easternmost state. It is known for its scenery—its jagged, mostly rocky coastline, its low, rolling mountains, and its heavily forested interior—as well as for its seafood cuisine, especially lobsters and clams. The original inhabitants of the territory that is now Maine were Algonquian-speaking peoples. The first European settlement in Maine was in 1604 by a French party. The first English settlement in Maine, the short-lived Popham Colony, was established by the Plymouth Company in 1607. A number of English settlements were established along the coast of Maine in the 1620s, although the rugged climate, deprivations, and conflict with the local peoples wiped out many of them over the years. As Maine entered the 18th century, only a half dozen European settlements still survived. Patriot and British forces contended for Maine's territory during the American Revolution and the War of 1812. Maine was an exclave of Massachusetts until 1820, when as a result of the growing population and a political agreement regarding slavery, it became the 23rd state on March 15 under the Missouri Compromise. Maine is the only U.S. state to have a name that is one syllable long, and, in bordering New Hampshire, is the only state which borders exactly one other state.