Pullman dining car on train 1894 travel mug
1894. A dining car (or diner) is used to serve meals to the passengers. Its interior is split with a portion of the interior partitioned off for a galley, which is off-limits to passengers. A narrow hallway is left between the galley and one side wall of the car for passengers to use. The remainder of the interior is laid out with tables and chairs to look like a long, narrow restaurant dining room. There is special personnel to perform waitstaff and kitchen duties. In the United States, Pullman was used to refer to railroad sleeping cars which were built and operated on most U.S. railroads by the Pullman Company (founded by George Pullman) from 1867 to December 31, 1968. It also refers to railway dining cars in Europe that were operated by the Pullman Company, or lounge cars operated by the Compagnie Internationale des Wagons-Lits. Specifically, in Great Britain, Pullman refers to the lounge cars operated by the "British Pullman Car Company". Additionally in some Western European countries in the 1940's and 1950's, some especially luxurious motor coaches were sometimes referred to as Auto-Pullmans. In 1963, the luxurious Mercedes-Benz 600 was introduced, also with a long wheel based version called Pullman. Later, stretched versions of regular Mercedes-Benz S-Class cars were also called Pullman. In the Greek and Italian languages, the word "pullman" is used to refer to a coach bus. In Latin America, pullman may refer to a luxury bus as well as to a railroad sleeping car. In the video game Sid Meier's Railroads!, Players can bid on the "Pullman's Palace Car" patent. This patent makes "Passengers pay an extra 25% to bask in its comfort." George Mortimer Pullman (March 3, 1831 – October 19, 1897) was an American inventor and industrialist. He is known as the inventor of the Pullman sleeping car, and for violently suppressing striking workers in the company town he created, Pullman (which was later annexed and absorbed by Chicago, becoming a neighborhood).